1990: Independent study in painting, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA, USA.
1988: Painting class, Fort Mason Art Center, San Francisco, CA, USA.
1987: Drawing and sculpture class, Centro d'Arte Il Verrocchio, Casole d'Elsa, Italy.
1987: Painting class, The CityLit, London, UK.1986: Master of Arts in painting, Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze, Firenze, Italy. Graduated summa cum laude.
1982: Degree in painting, Istituto Statale d'Arte Duccio di Buoninsegna, Siena, Italy. Graduated with highest honors.